If you would like to learn more about common eye problems, please take a look at the list below.

Myopia (nearsighted)

Commonly called “nearsightedness,” Myopia is a vision condition in which close objects are seen clearly, but objects farther away appear blurred. Nearsightedness occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, has too much curvature. As a result, the light entering the eye isn’t focused correctly and distant objects look blurred.

While the exact cause of Myopia is unknown, two factors are primarily responsible for its development: heredity and visual stress. Treatments include eyeglasses, contact lenses, orthokeratology and laser procedures.

Get more information on nearsightedness from AOA here.

Hyperopia (farsighted)

Commonly called “farsightedness,” Hyperopia is a vision condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close ones do not come into proper focus. Farsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too short or the cornea has too little curvature, so light entering your eye is not focused correctly.

Common signs of farsightedness include difficulty in concentrating and maintaining a clear focus on near objects, eye strain and fatigue or headaches after close work. Sometimes the problem can be corrected without corrective lenses, but prescription eyewear and contact lenses are common treatments of Hyperopia.

Get more information on farsightedness from AOA here.

Presbyopia (over 40’s eyes)

Presbyopia is sometimes called “over 40’s eyes,” and is a vision condition in which the crystalline lens of your eye loses its flexibility, which makes it difficult for you to focus on close objects.

Presbyopia may seem to occur suddenly, but the actual loss of flexibility takes place over a number of years. Presbyopia usually becomes noticeable in the early to mid-40s. Presbyopia is a natural part of the aging process of the eye. It is not a disease, and it cannot be prevented.

Get more information on Presbyopia from AOA here.


Cataracts are a cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear lens of the eye. This condition is mostly due to age-related changes in the eye, although other factors can contribute as well (including certain drugs, smoking, nutrition deficiencies and diabetes).

Cataracts can be detected through comprehensive eye exams, and treatments are based on the level of vision impairment present in each individual patient.

Get more information on the treatment options for Cataracts from AOA here.


Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders leading to progressive damage to the optic nerve, and is characterized by loss of nerve tissue resulting in loss of vision. The most common form of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, is associated with an increase in the fluid pressure inside the eye. This increase in pressure may cause progressive damage to the optic nerve and loss of nerve fibers.

This vision-robbing disease is the second leading cause of blindness in the U.S. While it cannot be prevented, if detected early by a comprehensive eye exam, it can be controlled and its progress slowed.

Get more information on Glaucoma from AOA here.

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is a tearing or separation of the retina- the light sensitive lining at the back of the eye- from the underlying tissue. Retinal detachment leaves the retinal cells lacking oxygen. The longer retinal detachment goes untreated, the greater your risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye.

Early detection, diagnosis and treatment can save your vision. Regular eye exams, as well as our 24/7 emergency care can help protect your eyes from retinal detachment.


Sometimes call crossed eyes, strabismus is a condition in which both eyes do not look at the same place at the same time. It occurs when an eye turns in, out, up or down and is usually caused by poor eye muscle control or a high amount of farsightedness.

Strabismus can be caused by problems with the eye muscles, the nerves that transmit information to the muscles, or the control center in the brain that directs eye movements. It can also develop due to other general health conditions or eye injuries. Treatments can include eyeglasses, contact lenses, prism lenses, vision therapy or eye muscle surgery.

Get more information on Strabismus from AOA here.

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is an eye disease affecting the macula- the center of the light sensitive retina at the back of the eye- causing loss of central vision. Symptoms include the gradual loss of ability to see objects clearly, loss of clear color vision, dark or empty areas in the center field of vision, or objects appearing distorted in shape.

If you experience these symptoms, contact us for a comprehensive eye exam immediately.

Get more information on Macular Degeneration from AOA here.